Women of Detroit

Throughout American history, there has been a tremendous ascendance and expansion of women’s rights. From the beginning with the Women’s Suffrage Seneca Falls Convention in 1848, all the way to the 2019 elections, ladies have slowly been taking over. Women have continued to amplify their skills and authority passed any hereto-normative patriarchal schema. With that, Revolt would like to extend a special homage to women from the state of Michigan such as Rose Will Monroe (Rosie the Riveter), Rosa Parks, and Rashida Talib, who have left an exceptional eminence within the movement. Today, women are more united than ever before and come nothing short of courage and magnetism in their equal rights efforts. Feminist attitudes and morals have been reflected throughout history by Monroe, Parks, and Talib, which allows females who serve as pillars in economics, civil liberties, and politics. They have amplified the work industry, enthralled human rights issues, and evolved political discourse. Thanks to Michigan key figures of the past and present, the women’s movement has been mobilized and will persist into the future for our daughters and their daughters to propagate.

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The women mentioned above have all left their indent in history. One thing that makes them so influential is they once resided in Revolt's home state of Michigan. Firstly, Rose Will Monroe, or more popularly known as Rosie the Riveter, was a cultural icon for women during the World War II era. Her iconic figure was created during her time in Michigan and she heightened women in the labor force which emphasized female independence. She represents the thousands of women who left their marginalized domestic sphere to work in factories for a wage — Rosie altered gender roles with her impeccable work ethic in a traditional male-oriented job. In 1940, Monroe came to the Willow Run plant in Ypsilanti, Michigan to work on an assembly line as a riveter of B-24 and B-29 bombers. Working on military equipment was a stretch from taking care of children and doing housework. While working in Ypsilanti, director and actor Walter Pidgeon invited her to be in a film based on the song, Rosie the Riveter. This is ultimately what led Monroe to become the symbolic female monument during the 1940s. Since women like Rosie began working in factories, there has been a significant legislative change for female workers and their rights. Women now have the opportunity to protect themselves financially thanks to policies such as the Fair Labor Standards Act, which established minimum wage without regard to gender. Also, the Equal Pay Act promised equal wages for the same work, regardless of the race, color, religion, national origin, or sex of the worker. These opportunities would have ceased to exist if there was no normalization of female factory workers. Women were encouraged to create a space for themselves in the labor force due to the statue of Rosie the Riveter. A true Michigan female who displayed strength, courage, and autonomy occupied this space. The phrase, “We Can Do It” will endlessly echo in her honor.

About fifteen years later, an astonishing woman would refuse to relinquish her seat on a Montgomery public bus, none other than historical civil rights legend, Rosa Parks. Shortly after her spark in the civil rights movement, she and her husband moved to Detroit. Parks was 92 years old when she died in her Detroit home on October 24, 2005. While living here, she exhibited preeminent activism and leadership. Before her death, she remained a heavily involved activist and an ongoing contributor to the movement. Parks retained an assortment of skills regarding public affairs, project coordination, community engagement, and advocacy. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, she was a member of the staff of Michigan Congressman John Conyers, Jr. She remained active in the NAACP, and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference established the annual Rosa Parks Freedom Award in her honor. Additionally, she was the recipient of numerous awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1996) and the Congressional Gold Medal (1999). Undoubtedly, she was an esteemed civil rights activist, and her honor is everlasting through her efforts. Parks has offered the women’s rights movement an array of potential in areas of community involvement and advancement.

Parks has created vast amounts of opportunities for young people and serves as a beacon of hope for women of color. Prior to activists like Parks, intersectional inequality framed U.S society, which placed black women in a dominating crosshair. However, Rosa continued to contribute even after she refused to give up her seat. In 1987 the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute of Self-Development was established in training for black youth in the city of Detroit. She supported Detroit’s black youth by manifesting contingency for them. At the same time, what Parks has done for the rest of the United States is creating a remarkable shift in this institutional inequality by addressing it with authority and justice. Her initial message was overt and robust, and her heroism has transformed into the indivisible propulsion that we know today in the civil rights movement, as well as the women’s rights movement.

Despite the power of the women’s rights movement perpetuated by the astonishing women before her time, legislative and women’s rights leaders still have a lot of work to do. Fortunately enough, the newly elected representative Rashida Tlaib has taken the spotlight with her defiant political discourse. Along with Monroe and Parks, Tlaib has vigorously created herself a space in the center of societal activism. In 2018, Tlaib won the Democratic nomination for the United States House of Representatives seat from Michigan's 13th congressional district. She is the first Muslim woman to serve in the Michigan legislature, which also carries intersectional implications within politics. She and her husband were born in Michigan and remain, residents, today.

Even though women remain the minority in areas of government and legislation, Tlaib is shaking the foundation of a male-centered political system. While serving as a democratic representative, she is working on, “impeaching the motherfucker,” a goal she takes personally seeing as our current president has been known to insult women and often mocks the idea of their human rights. In return, Tlaib is taking action and is profanely challenging the most current and relevant gender autocrats in the United States. Henceforth, it is incredibly important that we note her breakthrough in treatises surrounding diversity, ethics, feminism, and economics. Additionally, she is initiating plans to tackle insurance and mortgage redlining, along with corporate greed on Wall Street. Her spirit and grit offer as templates for what female political leaders, as well as all women, should mirror.

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Michigan has been the home to endless women who have shown outstanding change and advocacy for the women’s rights movement. It would be rude to not honorably mention figures like Frida Kahlo, Debbie Stabenow, Ruth Elis, Serena Williams, Edelmira Lopez, and Cynthia Yao. Each one of these women has excelled in their various fields including politics, art, education, athletics, and charity. Rose Will Monroe, Rosa Parks, and Rashida Tlaib represent the different ages and races that offer intersectional progression for women all over the United States. For March it is of good repute to commemorate all of these pioneers. Nevertheless, it is constitutive to publicize and radiate their compelling energy for the future.

Written by Chelsea Salame

Image by Daniel Cicchelli

No Safe Harbors

Last year, two bills that aimed to reduce online sex trafficking passed the House and Senate and were signed into law. Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA) and Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act (SESTA) passed both the House and the Senate almost unchallenged, and even now, almost 6 months later, they are as controversial as they are well-meaning.

The latest laws amend the "safe harbor" rule of the internet, Section 230 of the 1996 Communications Decency Act, arguably one of the most important pieces of internet legislation. Section 230 states "No provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be treated as the publisher or speaker of any information provided by another information content provider," meaning websites aren't responsible for the content of their users. Those who break federal and state sex trafficking laws are now excluded from immunity. FOSTA/SESTA also clarify the US sex trafficking law, making it illegal to facilitate, assist, or support sex trafficking knowingly. This new amendment effectively holds websites liable for the actions of their users where sexual content is concerned.

FOSTA and SESTA began as an effort to restrict sex trafficking on websites that offer online personal ads, specifically Backpage.com. Backpage has long been known as a way for sex workers to find and filter clients by placing ads, though these advertisements were formally taken down in 2017. Backpage has been involved in several controversies regarding facilitation of illegal sex work and has drawn plenty of attention from law enforcement over the last few years. Previous lawsuits culminated in dismissal in late 2016, citing Section 230's safe harbor. Just a month later, a Senate investigation led by Rob Portman (R) found Backpage complicit in concealing ads for child trafficking.

One unfortunate pitfall of the bill is that it doesn’t differentiate between consensual and non-consensual sex work or illegal sex work with legal types. Sex work, while traditionally viewed as prostitution, is much broader and has grown to include any consenting, paid participant in the sex industry; from models and photographers that produce sexually explicit or implied photos, to cam girls, call girls, escorts, dancers, dominatrixes, and pornographers to name a few. In fact, the consensual sex industry has grown exponentially with the age of the world wide web, and many agree it has become safer as well. Unfortunately, just as practitioners and consumers of “the oldest profession” have found new and innovative ways to create and consume sexual material. This ultimately means, so have pimps and traffickers. The goal of both FOSTA and SESTA is to hold websites accountable for potential sex-trafficking operations but to do so; many fear they’ll further criminalize consensual sex work, and enhance risks for both sex workers and sex trafficking victims.

As many websites such as Backpage and Craigslist Personals shut down, sex workers and trafficking victims alike are forced to find other ways to gain clients. For many, this means turning to the streets, and the pimps that run them. Without a way to filter clientele online, create blacklists of dangerous clients, and circulate reviews, both sex workers and trafficking victims face dangers that in some cases, are life-threatening.

Sex work and trafficking disproportionately affect the most marginalized groups of society, including women, LGBTQ people, people of color, and those with disabilities. Many sex workers who relied on sites like Backpages.com find it challenging to secure other avenues of work. For those already-oppressed individuals, FOSTA/SESTA feels like a further stripping of protection and control. Numerous sex workers now fear for their safety and livelihood.

A November 2017 study conducted by West Virginia University and Baylor University economics and information systems experts titled 'Craigslist's Effect on Violence Against Women,' showed that cities which introduced a Craigslist Erotic Services site saw overall female homicide rate drop 17.4%. The study concludes the result could be due to fewer women resorting to street-based prostitution, a higher screening process resulting in repeat, low-risk clients, an increased digital fingerprint which leads to safer interactions. Another factor may include women turning to accessible sex work, empowering them to leave abusive relationships.

It is also worth noting that while Backpage executives face charges for obscuring child sex trafficking ads, no sex traffickers were indicted in the site's seizure. Law enforcement officials admit that without ads, it's more difficult to find sex traffickers and their victims. While combatting sex trafficking is undeniably a noble cause, critics of FOSTA/SESTA argue that criminalizing sex work does nothing to curb sex trafficking or illegal sex work, but instead drives it further underground.

While FOSTA/SESTA was enacted to protect trafficking victims, it’s had profound implications for the internet as a whole, while not doing much if anything to stifle sex trafficking. In the immediate aftermath of FOSTA/SESTA's passing, sites such as Craigslist and Reddit removed or censored large parts of their platforms, not because sex trafficking was necessarily taking place, but because they believed it would be too complicated to monitor for potential trafficking incidents. Many people have reported sexual photos and videos being removed from their Google Drive’s as the site systematically reviewed and deleted content in the wake of SESTA. Microsoft suddenly announced a change to terms and policies, including sifting through cloud storage and auto-detection filters which could ban Skype users for participating in consensual sexual activity using the platform — this could even include sexual encounters on Skype between couples in long distance relationships. Still, others have reported banks and payment sites like PayPal shutting down accounts that are used to collect payment for sexual services (whether or not the work is technically illegal). This imposed censorship and vague wording of the new laws lead many to question the future of the internet, and what kind of content censorship we'll see in the future.

Written by Tobi Newson

Image by Daniel Cicchelli

MLK

“The time is always right to do what is right.”

- Martin Luther King Jr.

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What is a hero? The dictionary defines a hero as "one who shows great courage. The central figure in an event, period, or movement." During times of turmoil, hardship, and injustice, human beings find ourselves wanting to make change happen quickly and without serious repercussions. Unfortunately, in fights of that nature, there are consequences and sacrifice required to move a cause forward.

As a society when we think of heroes now, we often think of spandex, super strength and a lot of moody angst. We may even think of the great athletes of our day or those we grew up watching as children. While heroes can be of many varieties even folks who are achieving their dreams, it is important to look upon those who accomplished great strides toward an ideal even under extreme discomfort. If it were easy, then anyone would do it, right? The reality is that being a hero is challenging at best and often terrifying.

Dr. King was a man willing to undertake the burden of being a hero. He was ready and able to be brave in the face of terror and keep moving forward.

We here at Revolt Newz would like to offer a brief snapshot of some key moments of Dr. King's heroism and in many ways a thank you letter to Dr. King for being brave enough to sacrifice his life for us all. However, it does not encapsulate all of the works that he completed. We encourage everyone to take the initiative to continue researching this man's great accomplishment's, not only today but throughout the year.

King was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia to Alberta and Martin Luther King (Michael) and had two siblings, Alfred and Christine. Both his father and grandfather were ministers of the church, and his mother was a school teacher who got Dr. King started in his studies at an early age. In fact, Dr. King became such a good student that he skipped both the 9th and 12th grade before attending Morehouse College at age fifteen for a degree in Sociology.

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, secretary of the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery bus and was arrested. Activists coordinated a bus boycott that would continue for 381 days, placing a severe economic strain on the public transit system and downtown business owners.

After the success of the boycott in Montgomery, Dr. King grew prominent on a national level as he founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) alongside fellow civil rights activists. The group was committed to achieving full equality for African Americans through nonviolent protest with a motto of “Not one hair of one head of one person should be harmed.”

On April 16, 1963, while imprisoned, Dr. King compiled a seven thousand word letter in response to an open letter in a local Birmingham newspaper that criticized a peaceful protest held by King and over fifty other activists in Birmingham on April 12th by labeling them as outside agitators. King’s passionate response was written entirely without access to research materials and focused on the nation’s religious leaders and others for doing nothing but observe while he and the other protestors risked everything while peacefully pushing for change. Fifty years later, this essential cultural document has been published over fifty times and in forty different languages.

Later in the year on August 28th, King alongside other leaders organized the March on Washington which was a peaceful gathering to bring attention to social injustices faced by African Americans. The rally was attended by close to three hundred thousand people and is considered a landmark moment that helped with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Perhaps most famously, the March on Washington was concluded by Dr. King with his iconic “I Have a Dream” speech.

Dr. King would continue to lead the movement for equality for several more years until he paid the ultimate sacrifice for his heroism. On April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King was assassinated while standing on the balcony of a motel in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was staying due to his support of the sanitation workers, strike going on in the area. The assassination was carried out by James Earl Ray who was sentenced to ninety-nine years in prison and would later take back his confession. The death resulted in riots across the nation and served a sobering reminder of the vile hatred of many in the country.

After many years of campaigning by activists, members of Congress and Dr. King’s widow, Coretta Scott, President Ronald Reagan signed a bill to create a national holiday honoring Martin Luther King Jr’s work and memory. The holiday was first observed in 1986 and serves as a good time for reflection on the progress we've made and of the miles we still have to go for authentic and complete equality.

May we all find the courage in the coming years to finally put injustice and inequality to rest permanently.

“And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal."

- Martin Luther King Jr.

Written by Calvin Heikkila

Image by Daniel Cicchelli

Bleached

Home to over a million different species, from eye-catching clown-fish to spiny sea urchins, coral reefs are among the most traveled locations in the world. Thousands of people flock to coral reef areas each year to gaze at the magnificent array of color hiding under the water’s surface. However, these beautiful ecosystems are disappearing at an alarming rate, due to a phenomenon called 'bleaching'.

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Coral reefs are essential for any coastal environment. With over 4,000 different species of fish living in and around them, not only do coral reefs host more species per unit area than any other marine environment, they act as a primary source of food for over 100 million people. They also serve as a form of natural coastal protection. Rough waters and storms take the brunt of their furry out on the coral reefs positioned away from the coast, causing them to slow down significantly before reaching the shore. Coral reefs also impact the people who live farther inland by offering advancements in medicine. Many of the latest medication developments were contributions from coral reef environments. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), there are between 1 and 8 million species of animals living in reefs that are still undiscovered. These unknown species could lead scientists to new developments in cures for cancer and vaccinations for other viruses and bacterial infections. With tourist industries booming in these reef areas, it's easy to see how coral reefs could account for nearly $36 billion of the worlds economic value.

As vibrant and full of life these reefs may be, they are still a delicate ecosystem and react to the smallest changes in their environments. When a coral is under stress, whether it be to changes in water temperature, light or food availability, they expel a type of algae living in their soft tissues. The secretion of the algae causes the coral to lose its spectacular color and turn white; this is called Coral Bleaching. The algae and the coral need each other to live, so when the algae begin leaving the coral, the coral loses most of its nutrition and life support. The bleached coral is still alive, however, with fewer algae living inside them, they tend to have much higher mortality rates. Over the last 35 years, 80% of the coral in the Caribbean and about 50% of coral in the Pacific was destroyed due to bleaching. Some of the most influential bleaching events from these years were in conjunction with El-Nino (1982 and 1998). However, globally, coral is dying at a rate of 1% a year. The mass bleaching is leading many experts to believe we are facing one of the most significant extinctions in the history of our planet.

With all the support, life, food sources, industry, and revenue coral reefs provide to human life; it is easy to understand how the death of these ecosystems could be massively disruptive to the world. Some experts predict that if all coral reefs were to disappear, poverty, famine, and political instability would be rampant across the globe. Bleak right? Well, as big of a problem coral bleaching might seem, there are a few things you can do to help have a positive impact on the reef. The Nature Conservancy released a list of 10 things you can do that will help save the reefs. The list can be found here and includes things like using less water and supporting reef safe businesses. With the support of more in-landers, the coral reefs will have a much better chance of surviving. That's why spreading awareness is so critical and one of the most accessible things to do for people far removed from the shore.

Written by Shelby Shoup

Image by Dominic Gianetti

Who's the Killer

Who's the Killer

SeaWorld is a theme park of family fun and discovery. It’s a place where the public can interact with stingrays, dolphins, penguins, and other marine life. Behind the scenes, however, lies a world of captive animals, secrets, and horrors. When handling wild animals in captivity, there is always a downside. When habitat and care standards aren’t adequate, it can lead to the captive animal suffering adverse effects. In recent years, the negative impact of the animals in captivity at SeaWorld have surfaced, explicitly concerning the orca or killer whales. The suffering plight of the orca in captivity has led mental instability and a decreased lifespan due to captive conditions. Since this concern has been brought to the public eye, SeaWorld theme parks have suffered a loss in attendance.

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First Ladies of Fashion

Where do we develop our sense of fashion from? Maybe you get yours from the blogs you read each morning you are at the breakfast table eating your avocado toast and two slices of turkey bacon. Or perhaps you get your fashion inspiration from our favorite Instagram pages, where the posts are racking up thousands or millions of views.

Or maybe, just maybe, you are looking at the icons that surfaced each decade the world has been in existence. Audrey Hepburn, Cher, Coco Chanel, Stevie Nicks, Diana Ross, Madonna... To name a few. However, what about women in political power? The women who accompanied the most influential and most powerful man in the country every 4-8 years.

The “First Lady” is a term we give the spouse of the President of the United States. It is a role that not only has fascinated the women across America for years but a position that is up for interpretation each time a new woman enters the ring. This is who the U.S looks at for motherly influence and care, for her inspiring words to comfort us all in times of crisis, and; for her impact on the world of all things fashion.

For centuries, women have looked to The First Ladies as fashion icons and trendsetters; the outfit choices reflecting their stance on Politics and their power as women. Whether they are speaking to millions around the nation, traveling each night, or just strolling through the vast hallways of The White House, their influence over the women across America is evident; especially within the realm of fashion. Over the many years, the style choices of First Ladies has evolved drastically. From Grace Coolidge donning flapper looks to Jackie Kennedy’s glamour meets prep style, to even now, Michelle Obama’s boss lady with a chic modern twist.

Each First Lady leaves her mark in a different, charismatic way, so let’s dive right into some of the most impactful First Lady moment; beginning with the most magnetic fashion moments in The First Ladies of the 1800’s.

Abigail Adams was the second First Lady in history and the first to reject the fashion trends of that era for women. During this period from when her husband, John Adams, was president (1797-1801), many women were taking the unstructured and classically inspired fashion cues from the French; Abigail rejected these trends as she saw them as scandalous and a representation of the French Revolution that was occurring during this time of her husband’s presidency. Abigail stuck to more high neck lace gowns, with detailed shoulder shrugs, pearls as a statement accessory, and her hair in a modest updo. Her refusal to the “norm” of what women fashion trends were in this era, truly defined her point of power over fashion.

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Angelica Singleton Van Buren, Martin Van Buren’s stepdaughter, assumed the role of First Lady from 1838-1841 because Van Buren’s wife passed away 17 years prior. Angelica earned herself the “Jackie O of the 1800’s” title by staying on top of all glamour trends of the era. Tight ringlets, feathers as hair accessories, full-bodied off the shoulder gowns... to name a few of her statement looks. She set a staple for herself being one of the first First Ladies that was never married to a president. Those tight ringlet curls, her elegant swan-like stature, and radiant trendsetting pieces evolved the world of fashion all through political women figures.

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Sarah Polk, the wife of James Polk, served as First Lady from 1845-1849 and is named one of the most fashionable First Ladies to serve. Sarah had a fondness for pieces that were not only beautifully fitted, but also pieces that captured the true essence of femininity. Through her style of fashion, she was able to put her formal twist on the current trends of that era. Much of her clothes were made from particular materials that included silk, velvet, and satin. She would look like a real queen while wearing her favorite decorative Parisian headpieces to important events and gatherings while during the presidency of her husband. What made Sarah Polk so unique and earned such a high title of the most fashion First Lady to serve was that she created her dress patterns and silhouettes and she then hired dressmakers to bring her creations to life! Sarah Polk will always be remembered as the First Lady who dressed like royalty while acting like the powerful politician she was.

To complete the most fashionable First Ladies of the 1800’s; Frances Cleveland, the wife to Grover Cleveland, served as First Lady from 1886-1889 and 1893-1897. Frances was the youngest First Lady ever to help, not to mention her marriage proposal was initially for her mother. With her 28-year-old marriage difference already as a fascination, Frances drew attention with her (at the time) very provocative way of dressing. Frances favored gowns that showed off her bare neck, shoulders, and arms. She was such a highly respected influencer of fashion which women would shave the napes of their necks to perfect their hair to replicate hers. Moving into the First Lady fashion of the 90’s, Grace Coolidge, married to Calvin Coolidge, served as First Lady from 1923-1929. Grace was a warm spirit, with a vibrant and very stylistic taste for her clothing choices. Her trim and a sporty frame was the perfect stature for her favorite choice of dress style, the straight waisted flapper dress. A lot of her inspiration for fashion came from the Jazz Age; serving looks like the flapper dresses, beautiful dazzled feather hair pieces, and long pearl necklaces that highlighted the shimmer of her cheekbones. You could say she truly captured the Daisy Buchanan elegance of this time as she served as First Lady.

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While many First Ladies had tastes that inspired trends throughout American women; none have had the enduring influence like this next First Lady. "Icon" is one word many people throughout time would use to describe Jackie Kennedy and her impact on the fashion world. Jackie served as First Lady from 1961-1963 when her husband John F. Kennedy was in office as President. Her chic, sophisticated, poised fashion unfolds as a model of the utmost grace and class. Something very particular about Jackie is that she favored high fashion labels. Givenchy, Chanel, Cassini... To name a sampling of the many that would’ve killed to have her wear one of their pieces. Some of her favorites go-to accessories were pillbox hats, oversized sunglasses, pearls, patterned head and neck scarves. Most people are very familiar with the term “The Jackie,” which was the look most women tried to emulate in the early 60’s; but Jackie adapted her style as time went on to reflect the shift in contemporary and modern styles. Jackie Kennedy honestly put her stamp on American fashion history that will never be forgotten.

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Reaching the fashion of the late 1900’s, Elizabeth “Betty” Ford, wife of President Gerald Ford, served as First Lady from 1974-1977. Before Betty was resuming the role of one of the most highly looked at woman of the country; she was a dancer for the Martha Graham dance company and a store model. So naturally, she already had poise and grace running through her veins. Betty’s fashion was confident and sincere, embodying late 70’s modernity in a time when most people chose to wear clothing pieces equivalent to the fit of a couch cover. Her statement pieces included Chinese high-neck collars, patterned neck scarves, and all things that had to do with a healthy pop of color. Betty showed the country the authenticity she carried with her the entire time of her husband’s presidency; through her impact and her fashion.

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To wrap up the dazzling ladies of the 1900’s, Nancy Reagan served as First Lady from 1981-1989 when her husband, Ronald Reagan, was in office. Former Hollywood actress, Nancy styled herself as the alluring beauty she was. Reagan had made it her personal goal to re-glamorize the White House. She would demand tailored suits and many designer gowns such as Oscar De La Renta, Chanel, and Gelanos to be available on command for when she would host extravagant and chic gatherings for all of Hollywood’s biggest names in entertainment such as Cher for example. Some of her signature go-to looks had to be shirtwaist dresses, suits with piped lining, cleanly styled blazers, and her favorite color “The Reagan Red,” a crimson shade of red that she noted as a color to pick up anybody’s spirits. Nancy knew what she was doing. Coming from the red carpet to the White House, she put her stamp on fashion history to come.

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Moving into the 21st century, Hillary Clinton, wife to Bill Clinton, served as First Lady from 1993-2001. Hillary began much of her time as First Lady being recognized for her pantsuit statements and frequent hairstyle changes rather than her intellect. The pantsuit, many referred to as “the power suit,” gave a total spin on what the “typical” First Lady fashion was presumed to be. Her suits were bold, daring, gave off that badass energy Hillary has any time she steps in front of a crowd. To top off her usual pantsuit look, Hillary would pair it with some statement jewelry to add more femininity to show her tender and a warm side that she carries as First Lady. The pantsuit soon was replicated throughout many young fast fashion carriers.

This next first lady has not only been viewed as a fashion icon to women all around the world but a real inspiration and pure-hearted image. Michelle Obama had appeared on the best-dressed list multiple times when she served as First Lady from 2008-2016 besides her husband, Barack Obama. She redefined her First Lady style with flouncy sun dresses, sweaters, and bold patterns. Michelle stirs up conversation nearly almost every public appearance she makes regarding things like her choice of sleeveless tops, her decision to recycle outfits she has already worn or her full range of brands and designers she chooses to wear. Michelle has a genuine soul that impacted the lives of so many different people of all different backgrounds when she served as First Lady, and her impact on fashion changed the lives of many.

The finale First Lady for this more in-depth look into the fashion these women wore, is former model Melania Trump. Before her husband took office in 2017, she had wowed the media, and the world continues with her glam and luxe aesthetic and taste. Wearing pieces such as thigh-baring dresses, deep plunging necklines, and extravagant furs. Now, nearly coming up on her second full year as First Lady, Melania has undergone a complete makeover that reflects more elegant and modest wardrobe choices. Her designers of choice include Ralph Lauren, Michael Kors, and Dolce & Gabbana. The roots of her selection of styling and fashion will always have a glamour core, but now as First Lady, she represents a more polished and put together Melania.

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Each First Lady brings different strengths to her role and her style choices, setting forth her ideas about womanhood as it is portrayed in her wardrobe. The shift in style from the 19th, to the 20th, to now the 21st century and every day after that is a beautiful transition that will stay in the history of women’s fashion for years to come. The First Ladies were leading American women who needed to go from formal to functional to casual and the back to professional with all eyes on her for guidance and leadership. With every piece worn, The First Lady presents an image that we all love to cherish. These women have proved that fashion is the way to express who you are and what we stand for as women.

Written by @heatherdavies28 ⠀
Photos by @crossoniam
Model is @sisssbliss @girlwiththehudsonstattoo @fashion_junkieeeee @fallingzeppelins @heatherdavies28 @isabellenzen 
Directed and Coordinated by @keely.clements and @schwifty_shoupy

PeanutButter Jelly Time

Happy PeanutButter Jelly Day! Here are five facts about America’s favorite sandwich

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  1. The average American will eat an average of 3,000 peanut butter and jelly sandwiches in their lifetime. With so many people scarfing down these ingredients every day, we thought we'd share some things you may not have known about this American staple.

  2. The first reference to the sandwich was made in 1901. The Boston Cooking-School Magazine of Culinary Science and Domestic Economics published an article making reference to small snacks made with layers of Peanut Paste, Jelly and Crackers.

  3. Back when peanuts were not cheap, Peanut Butter and Jelly sandwiches were only eaten by wealthy individuals. Before Peanut Butter really was commercialized a few years later, PB&J's were considered a high-end snack.

  4. It wasn't really until the 1920's that PB&J's were a homemade staple after the invention and perfection of sliced bread. This made it much easier for children to prepare the sandwich themselves and companies wasted no time making PB&J's a common household snack.

  5. Peanut Butter and Jelly sandwiches are a great source of protein, especially for those who don't eat meat products. The average sandwich has about 18 grams of protein, daily doses of multiple victims, and nearly zero cholesterol. So what are you waiting for.... go make some sandwiches!

Photographer/ MUA - @nomadic_madam
Food Curator - @ladygreens_ 
Model - @maya_riddle 
Peanut Butter - @jifbrand
Jelly - @welchs

Fish Diaries: A Poem about Fashion and The Ocean

I am a fish - you are a fish 

Dolphins once walked on land, didn’t they? 




Were they always grey as your pocket square at the crest of the fish bowl at twilight? 




Or did they wear coveralls 

like your father the farmer ?

who sowed cotton for the town that no longer exists. 

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I am a dress - you are a dress

once worn to a Ball in Atlantis at midnight





waterproof and on a quest 

to dance until our feet turned to fins - our sequins to scales



But we didn’t move fast enough, 

and had to come up for air.


I am the water - you are the water

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Current as the wish you made on the penny you threw into the bank account.

When did dreams on dollar bills become catch and release? 

We’re not just building islands of plastic - but archipelagos of disposable fashion. 



I am your friend - you are my friend.

Can we pretend I didn’t start any of this? 



My siren song still sings for you. 


Written and Photos: @nomadic_madam
Lighting: @mill35_photo
Model: @opppperate
HMUA: @emgraymakeup
Wardrobe: @leahsclosetroyaloakvintage